Square-Wave Voltammetric Sensing of Lawsone (2- Hydroxy-1,4-Naphthoquinone) Based on the Enhancement Effect of Cationic Surfactant on Anodically Pretreated Boron-Doped Diamond Electrode

Talay Pınar P., Yardım Y., Şentürk Z.

Acta Chimica Slovenica, vol.68, no.4, pp.1027-1032, 2021 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 68 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6617
  • Journal Name: Acta Chimica Slovenica
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Central & Eastern European Academic Source (CEEAS), Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.1027-1032
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


In this reported work, an anodically pretreated boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrode was used for the inexpensive, simple and quick detection of a natural dye, lawsone. Lawsone had a well-defined, irreversible and diffusion-controlled oxidation peak at approximately +0.19 V in phosphate buffer solution (PBS, 0.1 M, pH 2.5) using cyclic voltammetry (CV). The oxidation peak heights of lawsone were significantly increased in PBS using the cationic surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). Under optimized experimental conditions, the calibration curve was linear over a concentration range of 0.1–5.0 μM with detection limit of 0.029 μM in 0.1 M PBS (pH 2.5) containing 0.1 mM CTAB by using square-wave voltammetry (SWV). To evaluate the practical applicability of the BDD electrode, it was used for the quantification of lawsone in commercial henna, a natural dye made from the leaves of the henna plant.