Geotechnical Handicap of Travertine with Different Lithotype Levels as Foundation Material

Özvan A., Erdogan O.

JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, vol.88, no.6, pp.799-807, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Two major earthquakes occurred on October 23rd, 2011 (M= 7.1) and November 9th, 2011 (M= 5.6) in Tabanli and Edremit districts of Van province in Turkey, respectively. New settlement areas for Van city were determined after these destructive earthquakes. One of the most important areas for new settlements to be built was Edremit region, consisting travertine where nearly 80% of new housing units (12.384) were built by TOKI (Housing Development Administration of Turkey). Travertines have different lithotypes depending on their depositional process such as crystalline crust, shrub, reed which can affect mechanical and engineering properties of travertine and each level has different handicaps. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between lithotype and physico-mechanical properties of travertines. According to the results, lithotype has an effect on physical, mechanical and rock mass properties of travertine. It is ascertained by several research methods that various handicaps may occur on such areas when the active tectonic structure of the area is evaluated along with the karstic cavities within the travertine and different lithotype qualities.