Antioxidant enzymes play an important role in body defense and free radical removal. Cephalosporins are beta-lactam antibiotics. In this work, the effects of cefazolin, cefuroxime and cefoperazone which are cephalosporins on some selected antioxidant enzyme and levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) as lipid peroxidation product were investigated in kidney, liver, and brain tissues of albino female rats. Ninety-six albino rats were randomly divided into 16 groups of equal number (n = 6). 50 mg/kg cefazolin, 25 mg/kg cefuroxime, and 100 mg/kg cefoperazone were injected intraperitoneally to the groups (5th-8th and 9th-12th, and 13th-16th groups), respectively. The changes in glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione S-transferase (GST), superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) levels were studied in each time point group and a time-dependent manner (at the 1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th hour). In addition, MDA levels were examined in all the tissues. The drugs evaluated in this study had different effects on the same enzyme in different tissues depending on time. MDA levels especially in cefazolin and cefoperazone experiments were lower in all the tissues; however, MDA levels were higher in brain and kidney tissues in the cefuroxime groups in a time-dependent manner (p < 0.05). These results revealed the complex effects of the tested drugs on different tissues at different time points. Therefore, the dose and use of these drugs should be adjusted correctly.