LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE, vol.36, no.6, pp.1323-1335, 2021 (SCI-Expanded)
The purpose of this clinical study was to compare the effects of the gingival displacement techniques of retraction cord, cordless paste system, and Er,Cr:YSGG laser troughing on the periodontal tissues around the crown restoration produced using a digital scan. This was analyzed by recording the probing depth (PD), plaque index, gingival index (GI), mobility, sensitivity, and bleeding on probing (BOP) index. This study included 60 mandibular 1(st) molars from 52 participants (20 males and 32 females) requiring crown restoration. The margin lines of the crown preparations were placed 1 mm subgingivally. Based on the gingival displacement technique used, the patients were divided into three groups: retraction cord, cordless paste system, and Er,Cr:YSGG laser troughing. A digital scan of the prepared tooth was performed. Follow-up appointments were scheduled at five different times: 1(st) day, 1(st) month, 3(rd) month, 6(th) month, and 1(st) year. Six periodontal indices were used to assess the periodontal health. The chi-square test was used to compare categorical variables depending on the groups. There was a significant difference in the PD, GI, and BOP index scores among the three techniques during the 1-year clinical monitoring (p < 0.001). The PD in the three zones of the buccal surface showed a significant increase with time in the retraction cord and cordless paste system groups (p < 0.001). The highest GI scores were observed in the retraction cord group on the 1(st) day. The Er,Cr:YSGG laser troughing procedure produced lower PD, GI, and BOP index scores as compared to the retraction cord and cordless paste system procedures in the 1-year period.