Purpose: To compare maternal liver elasticity scores by Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) elastosonography in healthy and preeclamptic pregnancies and its association with the severity of the disease.Materials and methods: Forty-two healthy, 33 mild, 33 severe preeclamptic and 28 pregnant women with Hemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes and Low Platelets (HELLP) syndrome were included into the study. Maternal liver elasticity was measured by ARFI elastosonography at the first day of puerperium. The maternal and neonatal outcomes of the patients were retrieved from the medical records.Results: The ARFI-Mean liver elastosonography scores of controls and mild preeclamptic women were lower than severe preeclamptic and HELLP syndrome women (p: 0.001). The mean ARFI elastosonography score >1.22 m/s indicated the effect of severe preeclampsia on maternal liver elasticity with 72.7% sensitivity and 74.7% specificity (Area under curve [AUC], 0.835, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.757-0.913). The mean ARFI elastosonography score >1.31 m/s indicated the effect of HELLP syndrome on maternal liver elasticity with 78.6% sensitivity and 75.9% specificity (AUC, 0.794, 95% CI, 0.695-0.892).Conclusions: The maternal liver becomes stiffer in severe preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome measured by ARFI elastosonography. The increased maternal liver ARFI scores may alert the obstetrician about the possible maternal puerperal morbidity.