AN ARCHAEOMETRIC STUDY OF PROVENANCE AND FIRING TECHNOLOGY OF HALAF POTTERY FROM TILKITEPE (EASTERN TURKEY)


Kilic N. , Kılıç S. , Akgul H. C.

MEDITERRANEAN ARCHAEOLOGY & ARCHAEOMETRY, vol.17, no.2, pp.35-48, 2017 (Journal Indexed in AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.5281/zenodo.581718
  • Title of Journal : MEDITERRANEAN ARCHAEOLOGY & ARCHAEOMETRY
  • Page Numbers: pp.35-48

Abstract

The approximation of the raw material source as well as the minimum and maximum firing temperatures in the pottery production technology can be determined depending on the mineralogical and chemical changes in the ceramic components. For the determination various analytical techniques are used such as Xray diffraction (XRD), thermal analysis (TGA-DT), Scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF) and inductively coupled plasma (ICP). In this paper the possible clay resources of Halaf pottery from Tilkitepe is required to determine. The analyzed pottery fragment and the clay samples were collected around the mound. Experimental studies were carried out at temperatures of 600 degrees C, 700 degrees C, 800 degrees C and 900 degrees C. The results show that the Halaf type ceramic piece from the mound is most probably made using local clay sources in the region and fired at temperatures below 800 degrees C under oxidation conditions.