SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON BIOLOGICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, 24 - 27 February 2022, pp.312
The skin is one of the largest organs of our body and constitutes approximately 16% of body weight. In terms
of surface area, the skin covers an area of approximately 1.5-2 square meters in an adult human. The most
basic vital functions of the skin; thermal regulation, protection against fluid loss and barrier function against
infectious agents. As a result of a burn injury, these three basic functions of the skin are impaired. A burn is a
type of injury that occurs as a result of contact of the tissue with hot or cold temperatures, chemicals, electric
currents or radioactive rays. A burn is a trauma that most of the society may encounter at least once in their
lifetime. While large and complicated burns can become life-threatening as a result of shock, infection and
related multi-organ failure, minor burns can affect quality of life by causing various degrees of functional loss.
The required treatment varies according to the severity of the burn. Superficial burns can be treated with
simple pain relievers, while larger burns may require longer treatment in specialized burn treatment centers.
Running cold water on a burn can relieve pain and reduce scarring, but prolonged exposure to cold can also
lead to low body temperature. 2nd degree burns may need to be cleaned with soap and water and then
bandaged. It's not entirely clear what to do with the blisters, but it's probably best not to touch the bubbles.
Full-thickness burns often require surgical treatments such as skin grafting. Although Hypericum perforatum L.
is traditionally used for many different purposes among the public, the most common use is externally in
wounds and burns, and internally in the treatment of depression. The flowering aerial parts of this plant are
applied externally as tincture and oil on wounds and burns. Hypericum perforatum L., by stimulating
fibroblasts, increases the production of collagen in the tissue, and also shortens the wound healing process
due to its antibacterial effect. In addition, the analgesic and antinociceptive effect of the plant contributes
positively to this process.