The Past, Present and Future of Water Resources in Turkey

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Bayram T., Erkuş A., Öztürk D.

International Environmental Sciences Symposium of Van (IESSV), Van, Turkey, 4 - 07 June 2014, pp.250

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Van
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.250
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes



Water is one of the most vital resources for sustainable development. Although world population has increased three times in the 20th century when compared to 19th century, water resource consumption has increased six times. However, those who benefit from these fast consumption resources do not have sustainable features which provide equal opportunities and benefits. As a result, water crisis has become inevitable all over the world.

Water quality in Turkey cannot be monitored in an efficient way and the needed data bank cannot be formed. Water resources have been distributed into 26 hydrological pools in terms of rivers and they are managed by State Hydraulic Works (SHW). SHW measures water quality in certain resources only where dam pools are present. This practice is far from the management of all resources of a country; it aims at making some arrangements about water use. In Turkey, the primary issues related to application of European Union (EU) water framework directive are the distribution of water related responsibilities to many institutions in institutional structuring, lack of coordination and lack of correspondence between river basin borders and political borders. In addition to an ideal managerial and institutional structuring and planning the priority should be placed on taking practice related measures in river basins.



Key words:  Water, water resources, water frame directive, Turkey.