Morphology and phylogeny of Apertospathula oktemae n. sp. (Ciliophora, Haptoria, Spathidiida) from Lake Van, Turkey

Yıldız İ.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PROTISTOLOGY, vol.66, pp.1-8, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 66
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ejop.2018.06.001
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-8
  • Keywords: Apertospathula oktemae n. sp., Morphology, Phylogeny, SSU rDNA, Turkey, LITOSTOMATEA, INFERENCE, PROTOZOA, BLOCKS
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


A new spathidiid ciliate, Apertospathula oktemae n. sp., was isolated from bottom sediments on the eastern shore of Lake Van, Turkey. The living cells are clavate and 45-80 x 17-30 mu m in size. This species is characterized by a lasso-shaped circumoral kinety composed of more than 100 dikinetids, 16 meridionally arranged somatic ciliary rows, a three-rowed dorsal brush with 1.5-2.0 mu m long bristles, an oblong and curved macronucleus with an ellipsoidal or globular micronucleus, numerous refractive granules in the anterior portion of the cell, and a single posterior contractile vacuole. This new species lives in alkaline brackish water. Apertospathula oktemae differs from congeners by their body shape, number of oral dikinetids, presence of refractive granules, and their habitat. This is the first study to investigate the 18S rRNA gene sequence of a member of the genus Apetrospathula. Phylogenetic trees show that Apertospathula oktemae is most closely related to Arcuospathidium sp. There is a discrepancy between the morphological classification system of the spathidiid ciliates and their molecular phylogeny. To overcome this problem, more molecular data, obtained from more taxa from various geographical regions of the world, are needed. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier GmbH.