Effects of protocatechuic acid against cisplatin-induced neurotoxicity in rat brains: an experimental study

Mert H., Kerem Ö., Mis L., YILDIRIM S., Mert N.

International Journal of Neuroscience, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00207454.2022.2147430
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Neuroscience
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Keywords: Protocatechuic acid, cisplatin, oxidative stress, inflammation, neurotransmitters, hematological parameters
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


Aims/Objectives: Cisplatin (CIS) is widely used in the treatment of various malignant tumors. The aim of study is to determine the potential protective effects of protocatechuic acid (PCA) on the brain in neurotoxicity induced by CIS in rats.Materials and methods: Forty rats were divided into four groups: 1-Control group: 2- PCA group: PCA was administered orally at a dose of 100 mg/kg/day for 5 weeks. 3-CIS group: 5 mg/kg/week of CIS was administered intraperiteonally 4-PCA + CIS group: The rats were given PCA orally daily for 5 weeks and CIS of 5 mg/kg/week. The brain tissues were used for histopathological examinations and for total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidative state (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI), tumornecrosis factor-alpha (T NF-α), interleukin 6 (IL-6) Interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β), acetylcholinesterase (AChE), glutamate, gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA), dopamine analyzes in ELISA. WBC, RBC, hemoglobin and hematocrit levels were measured.Results: PCA + CIS group compared to CIS group TOS, OSI, T NF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, AChE, glutamate, WBC levels decreased significantly, while TAC and GABA levels increased statistically significant. With this study, P CA corrected the deterioration in the oxidant / antioxidant status, suppressed neuro-inflammation, decreased AChE activity, partially normalized neurotransmitters, and decreased the increased WBC count. Necrosis seen in the CIS group in histopathological examinations was never seen in the PCA + CIS group.Conclusions: PCA may provide therapeutic benefit when used in conjunction with CIS.