The change of phase composition in kaolinite- and illite-rich clay-based ceramic bodies

Aras A.

APPLIED CLAY SCIENCE, vol.24, pp.257-269, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.clay.2003.08.012
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.257-269
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: No


Raw material for ceramics consists mainly of kaolinite, illite, quartz and feldspar. Three representative clays, a high kaolinitic (HB), illitic- and quartz-rich (KW) and naturally mixed kaolinite-illite (P1) clays of Westerwald area, were chosen for this study [Kromer, H., 1980. Tertiary clays in the Westerwald area. Geol. Jb. D. Rhei D Hanover, 69-84]. The largest and oldest clay mining area of Germany is in the Westerwald area. These clays were mixed with each other and also with K, and Ca-Na feldspar. The high temperature phases of the mixed bodies were of three groups: crystalline phase, amorphous/glassy phase and porosity.