Migration Policies in Türkiye and France: A Review on Historical Process and Current Situation

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Çelikyay H. H., Nargül S.

in: The Handbook of Public Administration Vol. 1, Prof. Dr. Bekir Parlak,Doç. Dr. Kadir Caner Doğan, Editor, Livre de Lyon, Lyon, pp.157-183, 2022

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Publisher: Livre de Lyon
  • City: Lyon
  • Page Numbers: pp.157-183
  • Editors: Prof. Dr. Bekir Parlak,Doç. Dr. Kadir Caner Doğan, Editor
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


This study aims to demonstrate the migration policies, the dynamics of implementation, governments’ ideological attitudes, and the impact of socio-economic conditions in countries on the policies produced for immigrants in Turkiye and France. A comparative assessment was conducted on migration policies based on the legal legislation, migration history, and institutions of Turkiye and France. Since the 1940s, France has accepted immigrants in line with development-priority programs as a receiving country, but has put the “Selective Immigration Policy” approach on the agenda sharply due to intense immigration pressure and increasing terrorist incidents after 2011. On the other hand, Turkiye has been a sending and transit country since the 1930s. Due to its “Open Door” policy after 2011, it has undergone significant changes in both its legal legislation and institutional structure with the mass migration it faced on the Syrian border. Serious paradigm shifts have been observed in the migration policies of both countries in recent years. While France has recently manifested severe restrictions for security and economic reasons; Turkiye has faced unplanned mass migration and developed new policies to allow asylum seekers to live in safe areas.

Keywords: Turkiye, France, Migration Policy, Immigrants, Asylum Seekers