This study was designed to investigate the effects of oral zinc and magnesium supplementation on serum thyroid hormone and lipid levels in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Thirty-two albino male rats, weighing 234 34 g, were divided into four experimental groups (control, diabetic, diabetic+zinc supplemented and diabetic+ magnesium supplemented). The experiment lasted for 60 d. The first 45 d of the experiment was the supplementation and last 15 d was the supplementation and diabetes-inducing period. Diabetic+zinc-supplemented and diabetic+magnesium-supplemented groups were given orally (by adding in their drinking water) 227 mg/L of zinc and 100 mg/kg body weight (bw) of magnesium, respectively throughout the experiment. Control and diabetic groups served as controls and did not receive zinc or magnesium supplementation. Diabetic, diabetic+zinc-supplemented, and diabetic+magnesium-supplemented groups were given a daily injection (ip) of 100 mg/kg bw of alloxan for 15 d starting on d 46 of the experiment. The control group was only injected with the same volume of isotonic NaCl as the diabetic group received. At the end of the of the experiment, rats in all four groups were fasted for 12 h and blood samples were taken from the heart under ether anesthesia for the determination of thyroid hormone, glucose, total cholesterol, and triglyceride concentrations. It was found that serum glucose, total cholesterol, and triglyceride concentrations were higher and serum T3 and T4 concentrations were lower in diabetic rats than those in the control group. Zinc supplementation did not change any parameter in diabetic rats. However, magnesium supplementation decreased the elevated total cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations of the diabetic rats to the control level. It was concluded that oral magnesium supplementation might decrease the diabetes-induced disturbances of lipid metabolism.