The possible relationship between the palmaris longus and joint hypermobility


Demir C.

European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences, vol.28, no.8, pp.3202-3207, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.26355/eurrev_202404_36048
  • Journal Name: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.3202-3207
  • Keywords: Beighton score, Joint hypermobility, Palmaris longus, Schaeffer’s test
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The palmaris longus (PL) contributes to the palmar fascia, wrist flexion, hand muscle balance, and pinch strength. Also, PL is used as a graft source. So, PL’s presence is helpful for joint stability and grafting. On the other hand, joint hypermobility (JH) is associated with many complaints and disorders. Considering the adverse effects of JH and benefit-based evolution, the genesis rather than agenesis of PL can be expected in JH. Herein, it was hypothesized that PL might be together with JH, and individuals with PL may have higher scores of JH than those without. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between June 2023 and October 2023, 200 participants (F/M: 1/1) were included in the study. The Schaeffer’s test and the Beighton scores were used to assess PL and JH, respectively. The participants were divided into two bilateral groups according to the presence or absence of PL. Then, the groups were compared for demographics and Beighton scores. Subgroup analyses were also done by considering gender. RESULTS: No significant differences were found between PL (+) and PL (-) groups considering females+males in age (p=0.559), gender (p=0.517), weight (p=0.375), height (p=0.061), work status (p=0.229), Beighton score (p=0.893), and JH (p=1.0). No significant differences were found between PL (+) and PL (-) groups considering females only in age (p=0.871), weight (p=0.189), height (p=0.127), work status (p=0.200), Beighton score (p=0.727), and JH (p=1.0). No significant differences were found between PL (+) and PL (-) groups considering males only in age (p=0.370), weight (p=0.981), height (p=0.400), BMI (p=0.601), work status (p=0.145), Beighton score (p=0.757), and JH (p=1.0). Conclusions: According to the results of this study, no relationship was found between PL and JH. However, this is the first study on the topic and has some limitations.