Diagnostic importance of bone marrow aspiration evaluation: A single-center study


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Doğan A., Demircioğlu S.

PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, vol.38, no.4, pp.811-815, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.12669/pjms.38.4.4797
  • Journal Name: PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.811-815
  • Keywords: Bone marrow aspiration, Bone marrow biopsy, Evaluation, TREPHINE BIOPSIES, UTILITY
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background &Objective: Early diagnosis can be made based on the morphological examination of bone marrow aspiration (BMA) until the bone marrow biopsy (BMB) result is reported. This allows for treatment to be started immediately, especially in hematological malignancies for which urgent treatment is indicated. This study aimed to determine the sensitivity and importance of bone marrow aspiration in the diagnosis of hematological malignancies. Methods: In this study, the data of patients who underwent bone marrow aspiration and bone marrow biopsy in Van Yuzuncu Yil University hospital between 2017 and 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 500 patients who simultaneously underwent BMA and BMB were included in the study. Data were obtained from electronic medical records. Results: Indication for bone marrow evaluation was abnormalities in complete blood count in 270 (54%) of patients. The diagnosis was made based on the evaluation of BMA in 475 (95%). In 456 (96%) of the 475 patients diagnosed with BMA, the diagnosis was consistent with that of BMB. Agreement of BMB with BMA was 100% in acute and chronic leukemias, while BMA was not sufficient for the diagnosis of lymphoma and solid organ metastasis. Conclusion: Our study showed that the evaluation of BMA was highly sensitive in the diagnosis of hematological malignancies, such as acute leukemias, chronic leukemias, and multiple myeloma.