Disentangling the enhanced catalytic activity on Ga modified Ru surfaces for sodium borohydride electrooxidation


Ulaş B., Alpaslan D., Yilmaz Y., Erşen Dudu T., Er O. F., DEMİR KIVRAK H.

SURFACES AND INTERFACES, vol.23, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.surfin.2021.100999
  • Journal Name: SURFACES AND INTERFACES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: Ru, Ga, Sodium borohydride, Electrooxidation, Hydrolysis
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Herein, multi walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) supported RuGa nanocatalysts (RuGa/MWCNTs) are synthesized at varying atomic molar ratio via sodium borohydride (SBH) reduction method toward SBH electrooxidation (SBHE) and SBH hydrolysis (RSBH). From the X-ray diffraction (XRD) results, Ru and Ga metals are found to be in the alloy form and the average crystal size is determined as 2.77 nm. The distribution of RuGa particles on MWCNT is confirmed using SEM-EDX. These nanocatalysts were employed for RSBH and further measurements were performed to investigate their SBHE activity. For RSBH for RuGa/MWCNT nanocatalysts, one could note that Ga addition to Ru enhanced the initial rate, H-2 generation rate, and turnover frequency values and Ru99Ga1/MWCNT has the highest initial rate, H-2 generation rate, and turnover frequency value. According to the cyclic voltammetry (CV) results of the prepared RuGa/MWCNT nanocatalysts, Ru99Ga1/ MWCNT show the highest electrocatalytic activity for SBHE and this result is in line with the results of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). In addition, chronoamperometric curves indicate that Ru99Ga1/MWCNT possesses long term stability compared to these of other nanocatalysts. Catalytic RSBH results of Ru99Ga1/MWCNT show that this nanocatalyst is more active than others. As a result, it is clear that RuGa/ MWCNT is a promising nanocatalyst for fuel cells.