Biosorption of uranium(VI) by bi-functionalized low cost biocomposite adsorbent

AYTAŞ Ş., Türközü D. A. , Gok C.

DESALINATION, vol.280, pp.354-362, 2011 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 280
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.desal.2011.07.023
  • Journal Name: DESALINATION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.354-362


This paper presents biosorption properties of U(VI) by bi-functionalized biocomposite adsorbent consists of macro marine algae (Jania rubens) and yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) immobilized on silica gel. Removal of U(VI) from aqueous solution by biosorption on biocomposite in a single component system with pH, initial concentration of U(VI), various contact time and temperature was investigated. Experimental equilibrium biosorption data was analyzed by five two-parameter equations, namely; Langmuir, Freundlich, Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R), Temkin and Flory-liuggins isotherms. Among these isotherm models, the Temkin model fits better with the experimental data compared to others. Thermodynamic parameters, such as the enthalpy (Delta H degrees), entropy (Delta S degrees) and Gibbs free energy (Delta G degrees) were calculated from the slope and intercept of logK(d) vs. 1/T plot. Results suggested that the bi-functionalized low cost biocomposite adsorbent is a suitable biosorbent material to remove uranium ions from diluted aqueous solutions. On the other hand, immobilization of algae and yeast on silica gel was found to improve their interaction properties with uranium ions in biosorption process. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.