Synthesis and electrochemical characterization of biphenyl-malonic ester substituted cobalt, copper, and palladium phthalocyanines

Sener M. K., Koca A., Guel A., Kocak M. B.

POLYHEDRON, vol.26, no.5, pp.1070-1076, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.poly.2006.09.082
  • Journal Name: POLYHEDRON
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1070-1076
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: No


Phthalocyanines with four biphenyl-malonic ester groups on the periphery were synthesized by cyclotetramerization of 4-(1,1-dicarbethoxy-2-(4-biphenyl)-ethyl)-phthalonitrile. The new compounds were characterized by elemental analyses, FT-IR, H-1 NMR, C-13 NMR, UV-Vis, and MASS spectral data. Electrochemical behaviors of novel Co(II), Cu(II), and Pd(II) phthalocyanines were investigated by cyclic voltammetry, potential differential pulse voltammetry, and applied potential chronocoulometry techniques. While Cu(II) and Pd(II) phthalocyanines give up to four common phthalocyanine ring reductions, Co(II) phthalocyanine gave two ligand-centered and two metal-centered redox processes. HOMO-LUMO gap of the complexes are comparable with the reported MPc papers. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.