Social Validity of Evidence-Based Practices and Emerging Interventions in Autism


Callahan K., Hughes H. L., Mehta S., Toussaint K. A., Nichols S. M., Ma P. S., ...More

Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, vol.32, no.3, pp.188-197, 2017 (SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1088357616632446
  • Journal Name: Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.188-197
  • Keywords: applied behavior analysis, autism, autism spectrum disorder, evidence-based practices, social validation, special education
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Although social validation of the goals, methods, and outcomes of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in autism treatment is a significant factor in their selection and effective use, EBPs are typically identified on the basis of the technical soundness of research without consideration of social validity. The authors investigated EBPs and emerging treatments identified by the National Autism Center (NAC) and National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorders (NPDC) to determine which interventions have evidence of social validity, and the types of social validation addressed. A review of 828 articles cited by the NAC and NPDC determined that only 221 articles (26.7%) demonstrated direct evidence of the measurement of social validation. Of seven social validity categories analyzed, only consumer satisfaction, clinically significant behavioral change, and socially important dependent variables were consistently reported. A list of EBPs with varying levels of social and empirical validation is presented, and implications for future research are discussed.