Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation in a Case of Brucellosis


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AKBAYRAM S., Dogan M. , AKGUN C., Peker E. , Parlak M. , Oner A. F.

CLINICAL AND APPLIED THROMBOSIS-HEMOSTASIS, cilt.17, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 17 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1177/1076029610378501
  • Dergi Adı: CLINICAL AND APPLIED THROMBOSIS-HEMOSTASIS

Özet

Brucellosis is a multisystem disease with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations; hematological abnormalities ranging from fulminant as of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) to anaemia, leucopoenia, thrombocytopenia, and clotting disorders. In this report, we present DIC in a case of brucellosis because of rare presentation. A 3-year-old boy was admitted with the complaints of continuous fever, vomiting, abdominal pain, and bruise on leg. He looked pale and his physical examination revealed purpuric skin lesions on both legs. A mild hepatosplenomegaly was noted on palpation. Laboratory tests showed hematocrit 21%, hemoglobin 7 g/dL, platelet count 20,000/mm(3), prothrombin time 19 seconds, activated partial thromboplastin time 48 seconds, plasma fibrinogen level 20 mg/dL, and D-dimer 8 mu g/mL. Serum antibrucella titration agglutination test was found to be 1 of 1280 positive. Blood cultures performed on specimens obtained at the time of admission yielded Brucella melitensis. The clinical and laboratory findings were consistent with DIC.