Hydrolytic Enzymes Producing Bacterial Endophytes of Some Poaceae Plants


Doğan G., Taşkın B.

Polish Journal Of Microbiology, vol.70, no.3, pp.297-304, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 70 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Title of Journal : Polish Journal Of Microbiology
  • Page Numbers: pp.297-304

Abstract

Endophytic bacteria represent microorganisms that live during the whole life cycle within the tissues of healthy plants without causing any obvious signs of disease. In this study, the ability of 128 endophyte bacterial isolates from some cultivated and wild grain plants (Poaceae family) in Van, Turkey, were investigated in terms of producing several extracellular hydrolytic enzymes. It was demonstrated that lipases, proteases, amylases, cellulases, pectinases, and xylanases were produced by the bacteria with relative frequencies of 74.2%, 65.6%, 55.4%, 32%, 21.8%, and 7.8%, respectively. In addition, molecular identification of a certain number of isolates selected according to their enzyme-producing capabilities was performed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing using a next-generation sequencing platform. As a result of the analysis, the isolates yielded certain strains belonging to Pseudomonas, Micrococcus, Paenibacillus, Streptococcus, Curtobacterium, Chryseobacterium, and Bacillus genera. Also, the strain G117Y1T was evaluated as a member of potential novel species based on 16S rRNA sequencing results.