Soft-tissue augmentation of the middle and lower face using the deepithelialized submental flap

Tan O., Atik B., Parmaksizoglu D.

PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, vol.119, no.3, pp.873-879, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Background: Facial contour augmentation is an entity often encountered by reconstructive surgeons. To date, very different autologous tissues such as fat, dermofat, dermal fascia, muscle, cartilage, and bone in the manner of grafts or flaps according to the requirements of the defect have been used for facial augmentation. Although many free flap procedures have become popular in facial contouring, these microsurgical methods have some limitations and risks, especially in patients who are not suitable for microsurgery. Moreover, the patient may wish to be treated by means of a more conservative procedure.