PurposeThe main objective of the study was to examine the use of teres major (TM) as a flap in the pediatric surgeries from an anatomical perspective by: (1) revealing the growth dynamics of the developing TM; (2) assessing the possible interconnecting structures between TM and latissimus dorsi (LD); (3) exposing the innervation patterns of TM in human fetuses.MethodsStudy was conducted on 50 fetuses (26 females and 24 males), on a mean gestational age of 22.863.21 (range 18-30) weeks. All the measurements were collected with a digital caliper and a digital image analysis software. Additionally, structural relations between TM and LD were examined in detail and further classified.ResultsNo significant difference of side and sex was detected on TM measurements (p>0.05). Linear functions for the surface area, width, length of the superior and inferior margins of TM were detected as follows: y=-257.142+18.334xage (weeks), y=-5.497+0.545xage (weeks), y=-1.621+1.068xage (weeks), and y=-2.147+1.284xage (weeks), respectively. As classified in five types, a number of 33 muscular or tendinous connections between TM and LD were detected. Musculo-tendinous slips from TM to triceps brachii (TB) were evident in four sides. Innervation of TM was observed to be providing by the lower subscapular nerve in all the cases.Conclusion p id=Par4 First, linear functions, representing the developing fetal morphometry obtained by our study can be adapted for estimating the morphometric of this muscle in early childhood. Besides, acknowledging the diverse appointments of TM with the surrounding muscles such as LD and TB may facilitate the prevention of neurovascular structures and the application of surgical procedures during tendon transfers. In brief, our findings are highly potent to bring the attention of pediatric surgeons.