Analysis of an unusual cause of burn injury together with assessment of long-term end results was carried out. The 'tandir' is a kind of oven buried underground and resembles a big hole full of embers and surrounded with sheet iron. Most of the burn victims were children. 68 major burn cases have been admitted to our units in a 3 year period, 32 (47%) of them due to a 'tandir'. In most of the cases burn injuries included the head and both hands as a result of the specific characteristics of the 'tandir'. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd for ISBI. All rights reserved.