Lake Van (Southeastern Turkey) Experiment: Receiver Function Analyses of Lithospheric Structure from Teleseismic Observations

Alkan H., Çınar H., Oreshin S.

PURE AND APPLIED GEOPHYSICS, vol.177, no.8, pp.3891-3909, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 177 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00024-020-02447-7
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Compendex, Geobase, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.3891-3909
  • Keywords: Lake Van region, crust, lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary, receiver functions, joint inversion, EAST ANATOLIAN PLATEAU, WAVE VELOCITY STRUCTURE, W 7.1 VAN, MANTLE BENEATH, WESTERN HIMALAYA, JOINT INVERSION, COLLISION ZONE, PN TOMOGRAPHY, 23 OCTOBER, EARTHQUAKE M-W=7.1
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


The P and S wave receiver functions and their joint inversions are used to study the lithosphere beneath the Lake Van region using approximately 600 teleseismic earthquake data (M-w >= 5.8) at different azimuths collected from 10 permanent broadband stations operated by Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute and Disaster and Emergency Management Authority in the region. The dataset is taken from the European Integrated Data Archive. The simulated annealing method is used for the joint inversion of P-wave and S-wave receiver functions, since the P410s phase cannot be detected reliably in the depth stacks. This may be due to the low olivine content and high basalt content at this depth. The inversion process is therefore performed without travel time residuals. The crustal thickness is observed at nearly 45 km in all the velocity models obtained from the inversion. The relatively low-velocity layer (V-s = 3.4 km/s) at depths of the middle crust may be associated with volcanic centers near Nemrut, in the west of the region. Additionally, another low-velocity layer (V-s = similar to 3.0 km/s) is observed in the upper crust around the Suphan Volcano. Also, V-p/V-s and Poisson's ratios are calculated for the study area. Their high values (V-p/V-s >= 1.85, and sigma >= 0.285) correspond to the partial melting of the lower crust in the region. According to velocity models obtained from the inversion results, the most important outcome is that the average variance of the Moho discontinuity (similar to 45 km) and lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary (similar to 90 km) under the seismograph stations can be interpreted as a likely part of the Arabian oceanic plate in relation to the collision zone.