The effects of formic acid or formic acid plus molasses additives on the fermentation quality and DM and ADF degradabilities of grass silage

Baytok E., Muruz H.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF VETERINARY & ANIMAL SCIENCES, vol.27, no.2, pp.425-431, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.425-431
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: No


This experiment was carried out to evaluate the effects of formic acid and formic acid plus molasses additives on the grass silage fermentation characteristics and degradability of dry matter (CM) and acid-detergent fibre (ADF). Grasses were cut in early (experiment I), middle (experiment II) and late maturity (experiment III). The additive treatments in experiments I, II and III were: 1) Untreated; 2) 0.5% Formic acid (FA): 3) FA+2% molasses: 4) FA+4% molasses; and 5) FA+6% molasses. The silages were ensiled in jar silos (1 L) and DM and ADF degradability were determined by using the nylon bag technique in the rumens of four fistulated sheep. Increasing formic acid plus molasses decreased the ADF and neutral detergent fibre (NDF) content of silages as compared with FA and untreated silages in experiments I, II and III (p < 0.001). Formic acid plus molasses silages were well 1 reserved with low pH (4.62, 4.51, 4.54), high lactic (30.62, 32.20, 28.54 g kg(-1) DM) and acetic acid (19.21, 21.46, 20.65 g (kg-1) DM) and low butyric acid (3.81, 2.19, 1.43 g (kg-1) DIM) as compared with untreated silages (pH: 5.12, 5.35, 5.36; lactic acid: 20.70, 21.47, 15.21 g (kg-1) DIM; acetic acid: 14.32, 15.88, 11.28 g (kg-1) DIM; butyric acid: 4.50, 3.47, 6.68 g (kg-1) DIM in experiments I, II and III, respectively).