Liquefaction of Prangmites australis by supercritical gas extraction


KUCUK M., Agirtas S.

BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, vol.69, no.2, pp.141-143, 1999 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 69 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 1999
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0960-8524(98)00180-1
  • Title of Journal : BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.141-143

Abstract

Prangmites australis Mill was converted to liquid products by using organic solvents (methanol and ethanol) with catalyst (10% NaOH) and without catalyst in an autoclave at temperatures of 523 and 563 K. The liquid products were extracted by liquid-liquid ex-traction (benzene and diethyl ether). The yields from supercritical methanol and ethanol coversions were 38.7 and 53.6%, respectively, at 563 K. In the catalytic runs with methanol and ethanol the extracts were 44.2 and 57.6%, respectively, at 563 K. The yields from supercritical methanol were increased from 373 to 44.2% as the temperature was increased from 523 to 563 K in the catalytic run. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.