3-MCPD and glycidol levels in edible oils and fats obtained from local markets in the Türkiye

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Gündüz A. O., Ceylan M. M., Baştürk A.

GRASAS Y ACEITES, vol.1, no.1, pp.1-15, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3989/gya.0333221
  • Journal Name: GRASAS Y ACEITES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Fuente Academica Plus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-15
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, it was aimed to determine 3-MCPD and glycidyl ester levels in 9 types (46 brands) of edible fat and oil offered for sale in markets located in Türkiye. 3-MCPD and glycidyl ester levels were determined by the DGF (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Fettwissenschaft; German Society for Fat Science) C VI 18 (10) method. The highest levels of 3-MCPD and glycidyl esters were detected in hazelnut oils, riviera olive oils, margarines, and shortenings. As expected, these esters were not observed in extra-virgin olive oils, while they were detected at low levels in fish oils. The highest 3-MCPD ester levels were found in the range of 0.06-2.12 mg kg-1 in hazelnut oil, 0.16-1.69 mg kg-1 in riviera olive oils, and 0.17-1.17 mg kg-1 in margarines. The highest glycidyl esters were found in the shortenings in the range of 1.98-6.46 mg kg-1. This was followed by hazelnut oil (0.54-2.63 mg kg-1) and riviera olive oil (0.19-3.53 mg kg-1).