Application of solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME) for determining residues of chlorpyrifos and chlorpyrifos-methyl in wine with gas chromatography (GC)

Anli E., Vural N., Vural H., Gucer Y.

JOURNAL OF THE INSTITUTE OF BREWING, cilt.113, sa.2, ss.213-218, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 113 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/j.2050-0416.2007.tb00278.x
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.213-218


The incorrect use of insecticides in many countries' vineyards may result in some toxicological risks for the consumers by their presence on the grapes. In this research, a rapid gas chromatographic method was used for the determination of the residue levels of two organophosphorus pesticides (chlorpyrifos and chlorpyrifos-methyl) in wine. Pesticides are described and compared with each other. Ten red wines from two different regions of Turkey were analyzed for their chlorpyrifos and chlorpyrifos-methyl content. The samples were diluted with water and extracted by solid-phase micro extraction. Nitrogen-Phosphorus Detection (NDP) and Electron-Capture Detection (ECD) were used to identify and quantify the pesticides, the findings being confirmed using Mass Spectrometric Detection. Individual detection limits were in the range of (chlorpyrifos) 0.02-(chlorpyrifos-methyl) 0.1 ng. Limits of quantification varied from (chlorpyrifos) 0.01-(chlorpyrifos-methyl) 0.05 mg kg(-1). The maximum residues limits of the two pesticides in the Turkish wines examined were much lower than the Turkish and European Union limits.