Serum Paraoxonase and Arylesterase Activities and Oxidative Stress Levels in Patients with SSRI Intoxication

Kati C., Karadas S. , Aslan M. , Gonullu H. , Duran L., Demir H.

JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE BIOLOGY, vol.247, no.1, pp.17-21, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 247 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00232-013-9606-z
  • Page Numbers: pp.17-21


Oxidative stress is a critical route of damage in various psychological stress-induced disorders, such as depression. Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) plays an important role as an endogenous free-radical scavenging molecule. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of serum PON1 activity and oxidative stress in patients with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) intoxication. A total of 11 patients with SSRI intoxication and 20 healthy controls were enrolled. The serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, as well as the paraoxonase and arylesterase activities, were measured spectrophotometrically. The serum TAC levels and the paraoxonase and arylesterase activities were significantly lower (for all, p < 0.001), whereas the serum MDA levels were significantly higher in the patients with SSRI intoxication than in the controls (p < 0.001). These results indicated that decreased PON1 activity and increased oxidative stress represent alternative mechanisms in SSRI toxicity. More studies are needed to elucidate the role of PON1 activity in the etiology of SSRI intoxication.