Student engagement scale: development, reliability and validity

Gunuc S., Kuzu A.

ASSESSMENT & EVALUATION IN HIGHER EDUCATION, vol.40, no.4, pp.587-610, 2015 (SSCI) identifier identifier


In this study, the purpose was to develop a student engagement scale for higher education. The participants were 805 students. In the process of developing the item pool regarding the scale, related literature was examined in detail and interviews were held. Six factors - valuing, sense of belonging, cognitive engagement, peer relationships (emotional engagement-I), relationships with faculty members (emotional engagement-II) and behavioural engagement within the scope of the components of campus engagement and class engagement - made up of 41 items were identified. The total variance explained was 59%. A higher student engagement score was regarded as an indicator that the student had a high level of engagement with the university, campus and class, while a lower score demonstrated that the student's engagement with the campus and class was weak or that disengagement could occur.