Rethinking Peace: Obstacles and Opportunities

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Karasu M., Solak Ç., Tuzkaya F., Peker-Dural H., Soylu N. S. , Soylu N. S. , ...More

1st International Conference in Contemporary Social Sciences Crisis and the Social Sciences: New Challenges and Perspectives, Heraklion, Greece, 10 - 12 June 2016, pp.1-31

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Heraklion
  • Country: Greece
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-31


In the recent times, there has been an upsurge in conflicting circumstances in Turkey. In this context, re-building a peaceful environment and understanding the socio-psychological obstacles facing the peace building process have been more crucial. The aim of in this study is to investigate the relationship between certain socio-psychological variables, i.e., conservatism, normative-humanistic attitudes, system justification, political trust regarding peace and attitudes toward peace with pro-peace behavioral intentions. The sample consisted of 454 participants from different regions of Turkey. Data was collected via an inquiry containing Socio-demographic Information Form, Polarity Scale (Tomkins 1978), Pro-peace Behavioral Intentions Scale (Bizumic et al. 2013), Attitudes toward Peace and War Scale (Bizumic et al. 2013), Political Trust regarding Peace Scale, Conservatism Subscale (Rattazzi, Bobbio, & Canova 2007) and General System Justification Scale (Kay & Jost 2003). The findings revealed that conservatism, normative-humanistic attitudes, system justification are significantly associated with attitudes toward peace and pro-peace behavioral intentions. Results also demonstrate a significant relation between system justification and background variables such as political and religious opinions. The results of the study were discussed in socio-psychological perspective considering geographic, cultural and ethnic differences in Turkey.

Keywords: pro-peace behavioral intentions, normative-humanistic attitudes, system justification, political trust regarding peace, conservatism, attitudes toward peace