Rotations of Normal Fault Blocks Quantify Extension in the Central Tauride Intramontane Basins, SW Turkey

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Koç A., van Hinsbergen D. J. J., Langereis C. G.

TECTONICS, vol.37, no.8, pp.2307-2327, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1029/2018tc005112
  • Journal Name: TECTONICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2307-2327
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


Quantifying the amount of stretching in extensional basin systems is often challenging in the absence of seismic profiles or boreholes. However, when fault spacing and orientation as well as vertical axis rotation patterns are known, map-view restoration may provide a good estimate of total extension. This integrated structural and paleomagnetic approach provides a relatively straightforward tool in extensional basin restoration and fault zone kinematic analysis. Here we provide results of an extensive paleomagnetic survey of the Neogene Central Tauride intramontane basins (SW Turkey), where previous work revealed a complex array of basin-bounding normal faults and relay ramps. In total, 437 oriented cores were sampled at 43 sites distributed within Miocene-Pliocene continental sedimentary rocks from the Ilgn, Altnapa, Yalvac, and Beyehir basins. Despite the more or less coherent overall strike of the mountain belt and basins, rotations vary from 42 degrees clockwise (Yalvac) to 10 degrees (Beyehir), 21 degrees (Ilgn), and 30 degrees (Altnapa) counterclockwise. We show that the rotation pattern is related to normal faults and lateral variations in fault displacement superimposed on regional rotation patterns. We restore these to estimate a minimum NE-SW horizontal extension of 30-35km across the basin system. As a consequence of our reconstruction, it appears that the Sultandalar range that exposes low-grade metamorphic Paleozoic and Mesozoic rocks of the Geyikda and Bolkarda nappes of the Taurides represents a Miocene extensional core complex.