Supercritical fluid extraction of reed (thypa)


Küçük M. M. , Demir H. , GENEL Y.

ENERGY SOURCES, cilt.27, ss.445-450, 2005 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 27 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2005
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/00908310490449135
  • Dergi Adı: ENERGY SOURCES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.445-450

Özet

Reed (typha) mill was converted to liquid products by using organic solvents (methanol, ethanol and acetone) with catalysts (% 10 NaOH and ZnCl2) and without catalyst in an autoclave at temperatures of 533, 553, and 573 K. The liquid products were extracted by liquid-liquid extractio[DSA 1]n (benzene and diethyl ether). The yields from supercritical methanol, ethanol and acetone conversions were 362, 24.5, and 55.1 %, respectively, at 573 K. In the catalytic runs with methanol and ethanol extracts were 463 and 35.5% (for NaOH catalyst) and 51.8 and 38.5% (for ZnCl2 catalyst) respectively, at 573 K. The yields from supercritical methanol were increased from 38.2 to 52.4% as the temperature was increased from 533 to 573 K in the catalytic run.