The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of presynchronization with GnRH and PGF(2 alpha) or with progesterone on overall Ovsynch (OVS) outcomes in noncyclic dairy cows. Cows were scanned 7 d apart with ultrasonography to determine cyclicity. Noncyclic cows (n = 281; no corpus luteum on ovaries at both examinations) were randomly divided into 3 groups. In the GP group (n = 108), the cows received GnRH and PGF(2 alpha) (PGF) administrations 7 d apart, and OVS was started 11 d after PGF (GnRH-7 d-PGF-11 d-OVS). In the P4 group (n = 90), the cows were treated for 7 d with an intravaginal progesterone (P4) implant (PRID), and then OVS was started 11 d after removal of the implant (7 d PRID-11 d-OVS). The control group (CON, n = 83) did not receive any presynchronization, and OVS was started at the same time as in the other groups (18 d-OVS). The percentage of cows that became cyclic at the beginning of OVS was lower in the CON group (38.6%; 32/83) than in the presynchronization groups (66.7%, 72/108 in GP; 71.1%, 64/90 in P4). The response to the first GnRH of OVS did not differ among groups (63.9%, 53/83 in CON; 67.6%, 73/108 in GP; 63.3%; 57/90 in P4), and synchronization rates were similar among the groups (74-82%). The cows that responded to presynchronization treatments (GP or P4) had higher pregnancy per artificial insemination (P/AI) than did nonresponding cows. Pregnancy per AI at 31 d did not differ between groups (30.1%, 25/83 in CON; 43.5%, 47/108 in GP; and 35.6%, 32/90 in P4). However, CON cows (24.1%, 20/83) had lower P/AI at 62 d than GP cows (41.7%, 45/108). Embryonic loss was higher in CON (20%, 5/25) compared with the P4 group (3%, 1/32). The administration of GnRH followed by PGF or exogenous progesterone (PRID) similarly increased the percentage of cows that became cyclic before Ovsynch in noncyclic cows, but fertility did not improve. However, the cows that responded to presynchronization had higher fertility rates than the nonresponding cows.