JOURNAL OF LIFE SCIENCES, vol.8, no.2, pp.192-200, 2014 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
Present Situation and Future of Animal Fiber Production in Turkey: A Review
Abstract: Primarily the production of wool, mohair, silk, goat coarse hair and cashmere fibers is made in Turkey. However, there has been a significant level of decrease in the production of these fibers for many years. The factors mainly causing this decrease can be said to include rapid increase in the use of chemical fibers, changes in fashion which have negative impacts on the consumption these fibers and systematic problems which negatively affect the production of sheep, Angora goat, hair goat and silkworm. However, although the production resources are continuing to decrease, Turkey still has a significant level of animal fiber production potential. Attainment of a more effective utilization of this potential will significantly contribute to the establishment of a sustainable textile industry and rural development and the preservation and development of folkloric culture and native farm animals which produce fibers.
Key words: Turkey, animal fiber, textile industry, rural development.