Evaluation of current diagnostic methods for COVID-19

Alpdağtaş S., Ilhan E., Uysal E., ŞENGÖR M., ÜSTÜNDAĞ C. B., GÜNDÜZ O.

APL BIOENGINEERING, vol.4, no.4, 2020 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 4 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1063/5.0021554
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the agent responsible for the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19), which triggers lung failure, pneumonia, and multi-organ dysfunction. This enveloped, positive sense and single-stranded RNA virus can be transmitted through aerosol droplets, direct and indirect contacts. Thus, SARS-CoV-2 is highly contagious and has reached a pandemic level in a few months. Since COVID-19 has caused numerous human casualties and severe economic loss posing a global threat, the development of readily available, accurate, fast, and cost-effective diagnostic techniques in hospitals and in any places where humans spread the virus is urgently required. COVID-19 can be diagnosed by clinical findings and several laboratory tests. These tests may include virus isolation, nucleic acid-based molecular assays like real-time polymerase chain reactions, antigen or antibody-based immunological assays such as rapid immunochromatographic tests, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, immunofluorescence techniques, and indirect fluorescent antibody techniques, electrochemical sensors, etc. However, current methods should be developed by novel approaches for sensitive, specific, and accurate diagnosis of COVID-19 cases to control and prevent this outbreak. Thus, this review will cover an overview and comparison of multiple reports and commercially available kits that include molecular tests, immunoassays, and sensor-based diagnostic methods for diagnosis of COVID-19. The pros and cons of these methods and future perspectives will be thoroughly evaluated and discussed.