ISPEC 6th International Conference on Engineering & Natural Sciences, Şanlıurfa, Türkiye, 24 - 26 Ocak 2020, ss.21
Sustainable management requires not only structural analysis but also socio-structural analysis. Therefore, structural analysis and the socio-cultural structure of the fishery need to be found out for the sustainable management for small-scale fishery of trammel nets at Karaduvar Fishermen Harbour. This study was conducted between October 2018 and April 2019. In this study, the characteristics of the trammel and gillnets were revealed along with the characteristics of fishing boats and the composition of the caught species. According to the results of the research, there are 98 trammel and gillnets boats in Karaduvar Fishermen Harbour. It was indicated by the fishermen that these boats had an average engine power of 84.36 ± 7.66 HP, and the average length of the boats was 8.9 ± 0.23 m. These boats use mainly sole, cuttlefish and shrimp trammel nets. On the other hand, it was also found that a fishing vessel used an average of 3000 m sole trammel net, 2500 m cuttlefish trammel net, 1200 m gray mullet trammel net, 1000 m shrimp trammel net and 300 m sardine gillnet. Amount of landed catch in Karaduvar Fishermen Harbour, between October 2018 to April 2019, was recorded as 3540 kg sole (Solea solea), 262220 kg sardine (Sardinella aurita), 48140 kg gray mullet (Mugil sp.), 2610 kg cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) and 850 kg shrimp (Penaeus sp.). The most important problems of active fishermen in Karaduvar Fisherman's Harbour were found to be illegal fishing, discard in trammel nets and dolphins in sole trammel nets. Particularly, fishermen indicated the recent problems related to the puffer fish. In line with the present results of the gathered data, solutions to the problems are put forward in the study.
Keywords: Trammel Nets, Karaduvar, Fisheries, Catch Composition