Introduction and Aim: Primary mediastinal B-cell lymphomas (PMBL) are aggressive B- cell lymphomas. Although the initial treatment models vary in PMBL, appropriate treatment methods are not known. We aim to show real-life data on health outcomes in adult patients with PMBL who received various type of chemoimmunotherapies in Turkey. Method: We analyzed the data of 61 patients who received treatments for PMBL from 2010 to 2020. The overall response rate (ORR), overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of the patients were evaluated. Results: 61 patients were observed in this study. The mean age of the study group was 38.4 ± 13.5 years. From among them, 49.2% of the patients were female (n = 30). For first-line therapy, 33 of them had received rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) regimen (54%). Twenty-five patients had received rituximab, etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide and doxorubicin (DA-EPOCH-R) regimen. The ORR was 77%. The median OS and PFS were as follows: 25 months (95% CI: 20.4-29.4) and 13 months (95% CI: 8.6-17.3), respectively. The OS and PFS at 12 months were 91.3% and 50%, respectively. The OS and PFS at five years were 64.9% and 36.7%, respectively. Median follow-up time period was 20 months (IQR 8.5-38.5). Conclusion: R-CHOP and DA-EPOCH-R showed good results in PMBL. These remain one of the best determined systemic treatment options for first-line therapy. Also, the treatment was associated with good efficacy and tolerability.