Mechanical, thermal, and water absorption properties of the composites have been studied as a function of sawdust content, using different weight percentage. The characteristics properties of the composites were studied using differential scanning calorimetry and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. Field emission scanning electron microscopy was used to understand the interfacial bonding. The obtained results showed that the 15 wt% composites exhibited the highest tensile strength (7.5 MPa) and flexural strength (8.9 MPa) compared with the 5 wt%, 30 wt%, 40 wt%, and 50 wt% composites. A good interfacial combination was formed between 15 wt% of sawdust and epoxy resin. In terms of the tensile and flexural strength, the differential scanning calorimetry analysis confirmed that matrix modification could improve the mechanical properties and thermal stability of the composites compared to neat resin. The Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy spectrum showed the presence of functional groups pertaining to composites. The absorption data of the composite showed that the water uptake increased as the amount of sawdust in the composite increased. The 5 wt%, 15 wt%, 30 wt%, and 40 wt% sawdust composites also displayed less water absorption behavior (1.534%, 1.871%, 2.492%, and 4.127%, respectively) compared to the 50 wt% composite.