3rd International Conference on Medical & Health Sciences, Bingöl, Turkey, 24 - 25 December 2021, pp.227-232
In this review, it is aimed to discuss the burns caused by butane, which has many uses in daily life. A detailed and comprehensive literature review was made from Google Scholar, EBSCOHost, Elsevier, Science Direct and Medline databases, and up-to-date data on butane burns were tried to be conveyed. Butane known as n-butane, butyl hydride, or methylethyl-methane is a hydrocarbon and the chemical formula of butane is C4H10. Butane; Under normal conditions, it is an extremely flammable and easily liquefied gas. Reported burns with butane gas have often been caused by the explosion of camping gas, an accident during motor vehicle refueling and malicious inhalation of the gas. In these injuries, the most affected areas are the face and upper extremities. In addition, blast burns from malicious inhalation of butane gas can result in death as well as major burn injuries. LPG containing a high percentage (70%) of butane has flammable and combustible properties when mixed with air in certain proportions. Due to this feature, hot objects can ignite through heat sources such as static electricity or flames. Combustion explosion may occur when the LPG concentration in the air is within the combustion limits. While LPG burning cases constituted approximately 10% of all burns for the first 4 years (2011-2014); only in the fifth year (2015) it increased to 26.94%. Therefore, the rate of LPG combustion cases has increased at an alarming rate. Cold burns may occur as a result of contact with LPG. Since the boiling point of LPG is -161.6 °C, it is not found in the liquid phase in nature. After liquefying 254 liters of natural gas with high pressure, it can be compressed up to 22 liters. When LPG is released in liquid form and comes into contact with any surface, it absorbs the heat required for evaporation with great speed from the surface it comes in contact with, freezing the surface. If the contact surface is human tissue, it will cause cold burns and tissue freezing.