THIRD INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON BIOLOGICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES, Van, Turkey, 14 - 16 April 2023, pp.101
This study was designed to determine the attitudes and behaviours of intensive care nurses towards end-of-life care and death. The population of the descriptive, correlational study was nurses (n=350) working in the intensive care unit of a university hospital, and the sample group consisted of nurses (n=306) who voluntarily agreed to participate in the study between June and December 2022. Data were collected using the Descriptive Characteristics Form, the Scale of Attitudes and Behaviours of Intensive Care Nurses Towards End-of-Life Care, and the Death Attitude Profile-Revised (DAP-R). In the statistical analysis of the data, in addition to descriptive statistics, the independent samples test and the one-way variance test were used for comparisons, and the Pearson correlation coefficient was used to determine the relationship. The attitudes and behaviours of ICU nurses towards end-of-life care and their attitudes towards death were found to be at an average level. It was found that nurses with postgraduate education had more positive attitudes towards death than those with high school, associate and undergraduate education (p<0.001), and nurses working in the 3rd level cardiovascular surgery unit had more positive attitudes towards death than nurses working in all intensive care units (p<0.05). A significant relationship was found between end-of-life care behaviours and attitudes and behaviours towards death (p<0.05). It was determined that nurses' attitudes and behaviours towards end-of-life care and death were at an average level. In this context, it is recommended that supportive interventions and in-service training programmes related to the subject should be organised to improve the positive attitudes and behaviours of intensive care nurses towards end-of-life care. At the same time, it is thought that the results of the study will guide managerial practices, especially in terms of education and personnel planning, for the provision of quality health care services.