Purpose. Hydatid cyst disease is a major health problem for people who live in endemic countries such as Turkey. The definitive cure for pulmonary hydatidosis is still surgical. This study evaluates our experience of treating pulmonary hydatidosis, focusing on the conservative surgical management of children with this disease. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed 35 children ranging in age from 3 to 13 years old, treated for pulmonary hydatidosis during a recent 4-year period. Results. The 35 patients had a collective total of 48 cysts. Twenty-seven patients had a single cyst, 7 had unilateral multiple cysts, and I had bilateral multiple cysts. Six patients had multiple coexisting liver cysts. The 33 pulmonary cysts were intact and uncomplicated. Of the total 48 cysts, 34 were larger than 5 cm in diameter. Fever, cough, and dyspnea were the most common symptoms and chest radiography gave a correct diagnosis in 96.4% of the patients. Conservative surgical treatment was carried out in 33 of the 35 children (94%). There were few postoperative complications, and no mortality or recurrence in this series. Conclusions. Parenchyma-saving surgical procedures such as cystotomy and capitonnage are the preferred methods of treatment for pulmonary hydatid disease in childhood. These simple procedures are safe, reliable, and successful. Combined medical treatment can be given but not as an alternative to surgery. Simultaneous surgical procedures for coexisting liver cysts may be preferred because of the lower morbidity rates and hospitalization. Ultrasound or computed tomography scanning should be done to detect coexisting liver cysts in every patient with pulmonary hydatid disease.