EVALUATION OF THE CONCENTRATIONS OF SOME TRACE ELEMENTS (Fe, Cu, Se, Zn AND Co) IN CALVES NATURALLY INFECTED WITH COCCIDIOSIS


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Denizhan V. , Kozat S.

Journal Of Elementology, vol.27, no.1, pp.155-164, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.5601/jelem.
  • Title of Journal : Journal Of Elementology
  • Page Numbers: pp.155-164

Abstract

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine whether Fe, Cu, Zn, Se and Co levels changed in calves

naturally infected with coccidiosis. The study was conducted on a total of 30 calves, 20 with

coccidiosis and 10 healthy (control) calves of different races, sexes, and ages ranging from

26 to 78 days, with complaints of bloody diarrhea, weight loss and tenesmus. Serum Fe, Cu, Zn,

Se, and Co concentrations of calves with coccidiosis were determined to be significantly lower

than in the control group and this decrease was statistically significant (P<0.001). As for correlations

between parameters of calves with coccidiosis and healthy ones determined as Pearson

correlations for both groups, positive correlations were detected at the levels of 0.941, 0.951,

0.947 and 0.969 between Fe, Cu, Zn, Se and Co, respectively. Since significant decreases were

detected in the serum Fe, Cu, Zn, Se, and Co concentrations of calves with coccidiosis, it is concluded

that use of preparations containing trace elements may be beneficial in addition to the

routine treatments in cases of coccidiosis or other diarrhea.

Keywords: calf, coccidiosis, Fe, Cu, Zn, Se, Co.