The aim of this study was to determine gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) expressions of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) 5b in the mechanism of orthodontic tooth movement. Nine adolescents requiring canine distalization participated in the study. A canine undergoing distal movement served as the test tooth, and the contra-lateral canine served as the control. The clinical parameters were recorded and GCF samples were collected from the mesial and distal gingival crevices of teeth at baseline, 1 h, 24 h, 7 days, and 28 days following force application. GCF samples were analyzed using ELISA. The data were analyzed using three-way repeated measures analysis of variance. TNF-alpha and TRAP5b levels in distal and mesial sites of the test teeth were significantly higher than that at both sites of the controls. When compared with baseline values, increase was prominent at 1 h and 24 h. The IL-10 concentration decreased during experimental period at both sites of the control and test teeth. The results demonstrated that orthodontic forces evoke changes in the levels of TNF-alpha, IL-10, and TRAP5b during the initial stages of force application. The changes in local host response in periodontal tissues may be one of the triggers in regulating alveolar bone resorption during orthodontic tooth movement.