Evaluation of Lumbosacral Angle ( LSA) and its Impact on Patients with Lumbar Disc Herniation

Aycan A. , Guzey F. K. , Ozkan N.

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND ANALYTICAL MEDICINE, cilt.7, ss.35-39, 2016 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 7
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.4328/jcam.4496
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.35-39


Aim: One of the most common causes of low back pain is lumbar disc herniation (LDH). One of the treatments for patients with LDH is a surgical operation. Changes in the lumbar lordosis angle have a negative impact on patients, clinically. The significance of changes in the lordosis-sacral inclination angle that are associated with muscle spasms and are seen after LDH surgery is known. In this study, we would like to examine the clinical impact on patients due to changes in the lumbosacral angle measured before and after surgical operations in patients with LDH. Material and Method: Between 2005-2007, preoperative and postoperative lumbosacral angles of 139 patients operated on for a diagnosis of lumbar disc herniation were measured. Patients were evaluated with the Oswestry Scale, Visual Analogue Scale, Narcotic Score, and Patient Satisfaction Evaluation. Lumbar lordosis angle, sacral inclination angle, and disc height were calculated by direct radiography. Statistical analysis was performed with GraphPad Prisma V.3 software package. Results: In this study, increases of lordosis angles and sacral inclination angles have been observed, postoperatively. It has been shown that these have a positive impact on the clinical course. Discussion: The clinical effects of the biomechanics of angles of patients with LDH are clear. Biomechanical parameters should be considered at preoperative treatment, postoperative treatment, and postoperative controls. The patient's lordosis angle, neighboring disc structure, and relationship with the sacrum must be carefully evaluated for surgical decision.