Kasap S.

Şarkiyat, vol.1, no.13, pp.187-203, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1 Issue: 13
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Journal Name: Şarkiyat
  • Journal Indexes: EBSCO Education Source
  • Page Numbers: pp.187-203
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


The main aim of this study to develop a valid and reliable measurement scale that can be used to identify bilingual individuals’ attitude towards their mother tongue. The scale research was applied to a total of 310 Kurdish-Turkish bilingual participants aged between 16-65 living in Van City -Turkey. An exploratory factor analysis and a reliability analysis were performed to determine the validity of the scale. The scale developed according to the results of explatory factor analysis consist of 31 items in total from three dimensions (Affective, Language anxiety and prestige, Language preference and proficiency). Kaiser-Mayer-Olkin (KMO) measure adequacy was found to be .91 and the strength of the relationship among variables by the Barlett test was found to be and Chi-square output was statistically significant (χ² = 3949,540, p = 0.000). According to this results the factor analysis is fit. The scales’ item factor of the sub-dimensions ranged from in the first dimension between 0.482 and 0.773, in the second dimension between 0.335 and 0.720, in the third dimension between 0,464 and 0,726. In addition, the total Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient for the sub-dimensions of the scale in turn was 0.872, 0.885 and 0.802 and total Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient of the scale was .915. Moreover, the fit indices of model were exanimated and the Chi-square value (x2=924.69, df=428, p=0.00000) is significant. The fit index values of scale: NNFI= 0.96, NFI= 0,93, CFI= 0.96, RMSEA= 0.006. It was concluded that the scale developed for this study was a valid, reliable and theoretically had a basis for evaluating the attitude of individuals towards their mother tongues. Keywords: Scale, Mother Tongue, Bilingualism, Attitude