Therapeutic response to plasmapheresis in four cases with obsessive-compulsive disorder and tic disorder triggered by streptococcal infections


Besiroglu L., Agargun M. Y. , Oezbebit O., Soezen M., Dilek I., Guelec M.

TURK PSIKIYATRI DERGISI, cilt.18, ss.270-276, 2007 (SSCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 18 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Dergi Adı: TURK PSIKIYATRI DERGISI
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.270-276

Özet

The acronym PANDAS (pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections) has been assigned to a subgroup of patients experiencing pediatric onset obsessive-compulsive symptoms and tics as a result of autoimmune response to group A B-hemolytic streptococcal infection. It has been hypothesized that an immune process initiated by infection affects the basal ganglia and causes neuropsychiatric symptoms. In cases with severe neuropsychiatric symptoms, the use of treatment strategies that interrupt the autoimmune process responsible for the pathogenesis of PANDAS, such as therapeutic plasmapheresis or intravenous immunoglobulin, has been proposed. In this paper we discuss the effect of plasmapheresis treatment in 4 adult cases of obsessive-compulsive disorder and tic disorder triggered by streptococcal infections.