In this study, protein C (PC), protein S (PS), heparin cofactor TI (HCFII), prothrombin fragment 1+2 (PF 1,2), thrombin-antithrombin III complex (TAT), von Willebrand factor (VWF) and thrombomodulin (TM) were investigated in 19 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, (ALL) receiving combined chemotherapy including L-asparaginase (L-ASP) and high dose methylprednisolone (HDMP). HDMP was administered in doses of 30 mg/kg/day for 7 days, and 20 mg/kg/day for another 7 days. In order to evaluate the effect of HDMP on the hemostatic system, the 8 patients studied here received HDMP (30 mg/kg/day) therapy for 4 days before the combined chemotherapy. These parameters were also studied in 12 healthy children as a control group. PC levels were normal in the patients while PS levels were decreased both before and after combined chemotherapies. Patients with ALL have laboratory signs of coagulation activation such as PF 1,2, TAT prior to initiation of chemotherapy. With combined chemotherapy, TAT levels were found to be normal while PF1,2 were not. TM levels were found to be increased both before and after therapies whereas HCFII and VWF levels were not different from those of the control group. The short course of HDMP therapy did not prominently influence these hemostatic parameters.