OVIDIUS UNIVERSITY ANNALS OF CHEMISTRY, vol.33, no.1, pp.17-21, 2022 (ESCI)
The synthesis of poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) tetra-arm star polymer was carried out using "click" chemistry and ring-opening polymerization techniques. For this purpose, poly(epsilon-caprolactone) azido (PCL-N-3) was acquired using ring-opening polymerization of epsilon-caprolactone and 2-[2-(2-azidoethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (N(3)ol). N(3)ol was obtained using sodium azide and 2-[2-(2-chloroethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol. 4-(prop-2-ynyloxy)-phthalonitrile was obtained by using 4-nitrophthalonitrile and propargyl alcohol. 2(3),9(10),16(17),23(24) Tetrakis-[(prop-2-ynyloxy)-phthalocyaninato]zinc(II) (Pc-propargyl) was synthesized by using 4-(prop-2-ynyloxy)-phthalonitrile and a metal salt. By reacting Pc-propargyl and PCL-N-3, PCL tetra-arm star polymer was obtained by "click" chemistry. The products were characterized via scanning electron microscopy, H-1-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and gel permeation chromatography instruments. The spectroscopic analyses of PCL tetra-arm star polymer prove that the star polymer was built through the combination of ROP and "click" chemistry. We provided a protocol for PCL tetra-arm star polymer, and a statement of reproducibility with respect to the properties of this tetra-arm star polymer. This study is an example of a novel type of combination reaction, from ring-opening polymerization to "click" chemistry using phthalocyanine. This can open the door for diverse tetra-arm star polymer synthesis that could potentially cause major advances in synthetic macromolecular chemistry.